What is the treatment for hyperthyroidism?

 

There is no single treatment for hyperthyroidism. The appropriate choice will be determined based on the cause of the hyperthyroidism, your age, the severity of your condition, and other factors as deemed relevant by your physician. 7,8

You may be prescribed antithyroid medications that block the thyroid gland's ability to make new thyroid hormones. In more severe cases, you may be advised to undergo surgical removal of the thyroid (thyroidectomy) or radiation therapy to reduce function of the thyroid tissue. If surgery or radioactive iodine is chosen, you will be placed on thyroid hormone replacement therapy, as your body cannot produce enough thyroid hormone anymore.

Potentially fatal conditions can occur if hyperthyroidism is not treated. may lead to irregular heart beat, and fractures from osteoporosis. A severe condition known as thyroid storm may also be triggered if hyperthyroidism is not controlled.

References: 7. American Thyroid Association. Hyperthyroidism. Accessed from http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Hyper_brochure.pdf on August 2016. 8. Bahn RS et al. Hyperthyroidism and Other Causes of Thyrotoxicosis: Management Guidelines of the American Thyroid Association and the American Association of Clinical Endocrinologists. Endoc Prac. 2011.

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