What is the treatment for goiter/thyroid nodule/thyroid cancer?
The treatment for goiter/thyroid nodule depends on correcting the underlying cause. If it is caused by iodine deficiency, you should be using adequately iodized salt, or you can be given iodine supplements to reduce the enlargement, although this does not completely remove the goiter. Similarly, hypothyroid patients with Hashimoto’s Thyroiditis are given thyroid replacement hormone.
Surgery may be needed for cases of severely enlarged goiter, Surgery may be needed for cases of severely enlarged goiter.9 Cases of malignancy are treated with partial or complete surgical removal of the thyroid gland, followed by therapy with radioactive iodine to completely remove any remaining traces of thyroid tissue. Following these options, treatment with replacement therapy (levothyroxine) is necessary to replace the loss of thyroid hormone production.
Reference: 9. American Thyroid Association. Goiter. Accessed from: http://www.thyroid.org/wp-content/uploads/patients/brochures/Goiter_brochure.pdf on August 2016.